Illustration 1: A facelift can improve the deep cheek folds, jowls, and loose, sagging skin around the neck that come with age.
Illustration 2: Facial, neck tissue and muscle will be separated, fat may be trimmed or suctioned and underlying muscle may be tightened
Illustration 3: Incisions usually begin above the hairline at the temples, follow the natural line in front of the ear, curve behind the earlobe into the crease behind the ear, and into or along the lower scalp.
Illustration 4: After deep tissues are tightened, the excess skin is pulled up and back, trimmed and sutured into place
Illustration 5: Most of the scars will be hidden within the hairline and in the normal creases of the skin.
Illustration 6: After surgery, you'll present a fresher, more youthful face.
As people age, the effects of gravity, exposure to the sun, and the stresses of daily life can be seen in their faces. Deep creases can form between the nose and mouth; the jawline grows slack and jowly; folds and fat deposits appear around the neck.
A facelift (rhytidectomy) can't stop this aging process. What it will do is "set back the clock," improving the most visible signs of aging by removing excess fat, tightening underlying muscles, and redraping the skin of your face and neck. A facelift may be done alone, or in conjunction with other procedures such as a forehead lift, eyelid surgery, or nose reshaping.
If you're considering a facelift, this web page will give you a basic understanding of the procedure-when it can help, how it's performed, and what results you can expect. It won't answer all of your questions, since a lot depends on the individual patient and the surgeon. Please ask Dr. Jensen about anything you don't understand.
The best candidates for a facelift
The best candidate for a facelift is a person whose face and neck have begun to sag, but whose skin still has some elasticity and whose bone structure is strong and well-defined. Most patients are in their mid-forties to sixties, but facelifts can be done successfully on people in their seventies or eighties as well.
A facelift can make you look younger and fresher, and it may enhance your self-confidence in the process. But it won't give you a totally different look, nor can it restore the health and vitality of your youth. Before you decide to have surgery, think carefully about your goals & expectations and discuss them with Dr. Jensen.
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All surgery carries some uncertainty and risk
When a facelift is performed by a qualified plastic surgeon, complications are rare and usually minor. Still, individuals vary greatly in their anatomy, their physical reactions, and their healing abilities, and the outcome is never completely predictable.
Complications that may occur include hematoma (a collection of blood under the skin that must be removed by the surgeon), injury to the nerves that control facial muscles (almost always temporary), infection and reactions to the anesthesia. Poor healing of the skin is more common to affectsmokers. You can reduce your risks by closely following Dr. Jensen's instructions both before and after surgery.
Planning your surgery
Facelifts are very individualized procedures. In your initial consultation, Dr. Jensen will evaluate your face, including the skin and underlying bone, and discuss your goals for the surgery. Dr. Jensen will check for medical conditions that could cause problems during or after surgery, such as uncontrolled high blood pressure, blood clotting problems or the tendency to form excessive scars.
Please be sure to tell Dr. Jensen if you smoke or are taking any drugs or medications, especially aspirin or other drugs that affect clotting. If you decide to have a facelift, Dr. Jensen will explain the techniques and anesthesia he will use, the type of facility where the surgery will be performed, and the risks and costs involved. Don't hesitate to ask Dr. Jensen any questions you may have, especially those regarding your expectations and concerns about the results.
Preparing for your surgery
Dr. Jensen will give you specific, written instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, and taking or avoiding certain vitamins and medications. Carefully following these instructions will help your surgery go more smoothly. If you smoke, it's especially important to stop at least a week or two before and after surgery; smoking inhibits blood flow to the skin, and can interfere with the healing of your incision areas.
If your hair is very short, you might want to let it grow out before surgery, so that it's long enough to hide the scars while they heal. You should arrange for someone to drive you home after your surgery, and to help you out for a day or two if needed.
Where your surgery will be performed
A facelift is most frequently performed in our office-based facility. It's usually done on an outpatient basis. Certain conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure should be monitored after surgery, and may require a short inpatient stay.
Types of anesthesia
Most facelifts are performed under local anesthesia, combined with sedation to make you drowsy. You'll be almost unconscious and very relaxed; your face will be anesthetized with local anesthesia and insensitive to pain. (However, you may feel some tugging.) General anesthesia is available but is rarely recommended.
A facelift usually takes 3 to 4 hours-or somewhat longer if you're having more than one procedure done. For extensive procedures, we may schedule two separate sessions. Every surgeon approaches the procedure in his or her own way. Some complete one side of the face at a time, and others move back and forth between the sides. The exact placement of incisions and the sequence of events will also depend on your facial structure.
Incisions usually begin above the hairline at the temples, extend in a natural line in front of the ear (or just inside the cartilage at the front of your ear), and continue behind the earlobe to the lower scalp. If the neck needs work, a small incision will also be made under the chin.
In general, the skin is separated from the fat and muscle below. Fat may be trimmed or suctioned from around the neck and chin to improve the contour. Dr. Jensen then elevates a second layer and tightens the underlying muscle, pulls the skin back, and removes the excess.
Dissolving stitches secure the layers of tissue and close the incisions; metal clips may be used on the scalp.
ollowing surgery, a small, thin drain-tube will be temporarily placed under the skin behind your ear to drain any blood that might collect there. Dr. Jensen will also wrap your head loosely in bandages to minimize bruising and swelling.
After your surgery
Discomfort after surgery is usually minimal; if there is, it can be controlled with the pain medication prescribed by Dr. Jensen. (Severe or persistent pain or a sudden swelling of your face should be reported to Dr. Jensen's office immediately.) Some numbness of the skin is quite normal; it will disappear in a few weeks or months.
You will be asked to keep your head elevated and as still as possible for a couple of days after surgery, to keep the swelling down. If you've had a drainage tube inserted, it will be removed one or two days after surgery. Bandages, when used, are usually removed after one to two days. Don't be surprised at the pale, bruised, and puffy face you see. Just keep in mind that in a few weeks you'll be looking normal.
Most of your stitches will be removed after about seven days. Your scalp may take longer to heal, and the stitches or metal clips in your hairline could be left in a few days longer.
Getting back to normal
You should be up and about in a day or two, but plan on taking it easy for the first week after surgery. Be especially gentle with your face and hair, since your skin will be both tender and numb, and may not respond normally at first.
Dr. Jensen will give you more specific guidelines for gradually resuming your normal activities. They're likely to include these suggestions: Avoid strenuous activity, including sex and heavy housework, for at least two weeks (walking and mild stretching are fine); avoid alcohol, steam baths, and saunas for several weeks; limit your exposure to the sun for several months. Above all, get plenty of rest and allow your body to spend its energy on healing.
At the beginning, your face may look and feel rather strange. Your features may be distorted from the swelling, your facial movements may be slightly stiff, and you'll probably be self-conscious about your scars. Some bruising may persist for two or three weeks, and you may tire easily. It's not surprising that some patients are disappointed and depressed at first. By the third week, you'll look and feel much better. Most patients are back at work about ten days to two weeks after surgery. If you need it, special camouflage makeup (Physician's Formula-found at Walmart) can mask most bruising that remains.
Your new look
The chances are excellent that you'll be happy with your facelift-especially if you realize that the results may not be immediately apparent. Even after the swelling and bruises are gone, the hair around your temples may be thin and your skin may feel dry and rough for several months. Men may find they have to shave in new places - behind the neck and ears - where areas of beard-growing skin have been repositioned. You'll have some scars from your facelift, but they're usually hidden by your hair or in the natural creases of your face and ears. In any case, they'll fade with time and should be scarcely visible.
Having a facelift doesn't stop the effects of time. Your face will continue to age, and you may want to repeat the procedure one or more times - perhaps five or ten years down the line. But in another sense, the effects of even one facelift are lasting; years later, you'll continue to look better than if you'd never had a facelift at all.